Home IOS Development Constructing Pie Charts and Donut Charts with SwiftUI in iOS 17

Constructing Pie Charts and Donut Charts with SwiftUI in iOS 17

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Constructing Pie Charts and Donut Charts with SwiftUI in iOS 17

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Pie charts and donut charts are two common chart varieties utilized in information visualization. Previous to iOS 17, if you wish to create some of these charts utilizing SwiftUI, you’ll must construct the charts by yourself utilizing parts like Path and Arc. Beforehand, we wrote an in depth tutorial on the way to implement pie charts and donut charts from scratch. Nonetheless, within the upcoming launch of iOS 17, that is now not mandatory. SwiftUI simplifies the method of making these charts by introducing a brand new mark sort referred to as SectorMark. This makes it straightforward for builders to construct all types of pie and donut charts.

On this tutorial, we are going to information you thru the method of constructing pie charts and donut charts utilizing SwiftUI. On prime of that, you’ll additionally discover ways to add interactivity to the charts.

To observe the code pattern of this tutorial, please be sure to use Xcode 15 (Beta 2 or up).

Revisiting Bar Charts

Let’s begin by implementing a easy bar chart utilizing the Charts framework. Assuming you’ve created a brand new SwiftUI mission, insert the strains of code under to initialize the pattern information for the bar chart:

These are just a few random information on espresso gross sales for chart rendering. For simplicity, I used an array of tuples to carry the information. The Charts framework makes it very straightforward for builders to create a bar chart from these information.

First, import the Charts framework and exchange the physique half with the next code:

Whether or not you’re making a bar chart or a pie chart, all of it begins with the Chart view. Inside this view, we outline a set of BarMark for rendering a vertical bar chart that plots espresso varieties on the x-axis and counts on the y-axis. The foregroundStyle modifier routinely assigns a novel coloration for every of the bars.

swiftui-bar-chart-demo

You’ll be able to simply create a unique sort of bar chart by altering a few of the BarMark parameters.

swiftui-1d-bar-chart

For instance, if you wish to create a one dimensional bar chart, you simply want to offer the values for the x or y axis:

By default, it exhibits the amassed depend within the x-axis. If you wish to normalized the values, easy specify the stacking parameter for BarMark like this:

Creating Pie Charts with SectorMark

Now that we’ve constructed a bar chart, let’s how it may be transformed to a pie chart utilizing the brand new SectorMark launched in iOS 17.

The SectorMark, because the identify suggests, represents a sector of the pie chart that corresponds to a particular class. Every SectorMark is outlined by the worth it represents. By utilizing SectorMark, builders can simply create varied varieties of pie (or donut charts) with out having to construct them from scratch utilizing parts like Path and Arc.

For instance, if we wish to convert the bar chart right into a pie chart, all you might want to do is exchange BarMark with SectorMark like this:

As an alternative of specifying the worth of x-axis, you move the values to the angle parameter. SwiftUI will routinely compute the angular dimension of the sector and generate the pie chart.

swiftui-simple-pie-chart

Customizing the Pie Chart

SectorMark comes with quite a lot of parameters so that you can customise every of the sectors. So as to add some spacing between sectors, you possibly can present the worth of angularInset.

swiftui-pie-chart-angularinset

You’ll be able to management the scale of the sectors by specifying a price for the outerRadius parameter. For instance, if you wish to spotlight the Latte sector by making it a bit bigger, you possibly can add the outerRadius parameter.

swiftui-pie-chart-outerradius

So as to add a label for every sector, you possibly can connect the annotation modifier to SectorMark and set the place to .overlay:

Right here, we merely overlay a textual content label on every sector to show the depend.

swiftui-chart-overlay-text

Changing the Pie Chart to Donut Chart

So, how are you going to create a donut chart? The brand new SectorMark is so highly effective that you simply simply want so as to add a single line of code to show the pie chart right into a donut chart. There’s an non-obligatory parameter for SectorMark that I haven’t talked about earlier than.

To create a donut chart, merely specify the innerRadius parameter of the sector mark and move it your most popular worth:

The worth of innerRadius is both a dimension in factors, or a .ratio or .inset relative to the outer radius. By having a price larger than zero, you create a gap within the pie and switch the chart right into a donut chart.

swiftui-donut-chart-demo

Optionally, you possibly can connect a cornerRadius modifier to the sector marks to around the corners of the sector.

swiftui-donut-chart-cornerradius

You may also add a view to the chart’s background by attaching the chartBackground modifier to the Chart view. Right here is an instance.

swiftui-donut-chart-background

Interacting with Charts

Apart from introducing SectorMark, the brand new model of SwiftUI comes with new Chart APIs for dealing with consumer interactions. For each pie and donut charts, you connect the chartAngleSelection modifier and move it a binding to seize consumer’s touches:

The chartAngleSelection modifier takes in a binding to a plottable worth. Since all our plottable values are in integer, we declare a state variable of the sort Int. With the implementation, the chart now can detect consumer’s contact and seize the chosen depend of the donut (or pie) chart.

swiftui-chartangleselection-pie-chart

It’s possible you’ll connect the onChange modifier to the chart to disclose the chosen worth.

The worth captured doesn’t straight inform you the precise sector the consumer touched. As an alternative, it provides a price of the chosen espresso depend. For instance, if the consumer faucets the trailing fringe of the inexperienced sector, SwiftUI returns you a price of 354.

swiftui-pie-chart-selected-values

To determine the sector from the given worth, we have to create a brand new perform. This perform takes the chosen worth and returns the identify of the corresponding sector.

With the implementation above, we are able to declare a state variable to carry the chosen sector and make some fascinating adjustments to the donut chart.

When a sector of the chart is chosen, we are going to dim the remaining sectors to spotlight the chosen sector. Replace the onChange modifier like this:

After which connect the opacity modifier to SectorMark like this:

We preserve the unique opacity when there isn’t a chosen sector. As soon as a consumer touches a particular sector, we alter the opacity of these unselected sectors. Beneath exhibits the looks of the donut chart when the Latte sector is chosen.

swiftui-pie-chart-opacity

Abstract

On this tutorial, we have now guided you thru the method of constructing pie charts and donut charts utilizing SwiftUI. Previous to iOS 17, when you needed to create some of these charts utilizing SwiftUI, you needed to construct the charts by yourself utilizing parts like Path. Nonetheless, with the introduction of the brand new Chart API referred to as SectorMark, it’s now simpler than ever to create all types of pie and donut charts. As you possibly can see, turning a bar chart right into a pie (or donut) chart solely requires some easy adjustments.

We additionally mentioned with you the way to add interactivity to the charts. That is one other new function of the SwiftUI Charts framework. With a number of strains of code, you possibly can detect customers’ touches and spotlight a sure a part of the chart.

I hope you get pleasure from studying this tutorial and begin constructing nice charts with all the brand new functionalities supplied in iOS 17.



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