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Detecting Scroll Positions in ScrollView with SwiftUI

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Detecting Scroll Positions in ScrollView with SwiftUI

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One frequent query that arises when utilizing scroll views in SwiftUI is methods to detect the scroll place. Previous to the discharge of iOS 17, builders needed to give you their very own options to seize the scroll positions. Nonetheless, the brand new model of SwiftUI has up to date ScrollView with a brand new modifier known as scrollPosition. With this new characteristic, builders can effortlessly determine the merchandise that’s being scrolled to.

On this tutorial, we are going to take a more in-depth take a look at this new modifier and study the way it can help you in detecting scroll positions in scroll views.

Utilizing the ScrollPosition Modifier to Detect Scroll Positions

Let’s start with a easy scroll view that shows an inventory of fifty gadgets.

The code is sort of easy in case you are aware of implementing a scroll view in SwiftUI. We make the most of a ForEach loop to current 50 coloration gadgets, that are then embedded inside a vertical scroll view. In the event you add this code to a SwiftUI challenge, you must be capable to preview it and see one thing much like the determine under.

swiftui-scroll-view-demo

To maintain monitor of the present scroll place or merchandise, you must first declare a state variable to carry the place:

Subsequent, connect the scrollPosition modifier to the scroll view. This modifier takes a binding to scrollID, which shops the scroll place:

Because the scroll view scrolls, the binding will probably be up to date with the index of the colour view.

Lastly, connect the scrollTargetLayout modifier to the LazyVStack view as follows:

With out the scrollTargetLayout() modifier, the scrollPosition modifier won’t work appropriately. The scrollPosition modifier depends on the scrollTargetLayout() modifier to configure which the structure that comprises your scroll targets.

To look at the adjustments of the scroll place, you possibly can connect a onChange modifier to the scroll view and print the scroll ID to the console:

As you scroll by way of the record, the present scroll place needs to be displayed within the console.

swiftui-scroll-view-scroll-positions

Scroll to the Prime

Let’s implement yet another characteristic utilizing the scrollPosition modifier. When a person faucets any of the colour views, the record ought to mechanically scroll again to the highest.

swiftui-scroll-view-scroll-to-top

This may be achieved by including a onTapGesture modifier to every coloration view, and passing a closure that units the scrollID to 0 inside it. When the person faucets on any of the colour views, the scrollID will probably be up to date to 0, which is able to trigger the record to scroll again to the highest.

Adjusting Content material Margins of Scroll Views

Now that you understand how to detect the scroll place, let’s talk about yet another new characteristic of scroll views in iOS 17. First, it’s the contentMargins modifier. This can be a new characteristic in SwiftUI that permits builders to customise the margins of scrollable views. With contentMargins, you possibly can simply regulate the quantity of area between the content material and the perimeters of the scroll view, supplying you with extra management over the structure of your app.

We have now already used this modifier within the pattern code that units the horizontal margin to 10 factors.

The .scrollContent parameter worth signifies that the content material margin ought to solely be utilized to the scroll content material, somewhat than the complete scroll view. If you don’t specify the perimeters and placement parameters, the contentMargins modifier will apply the margins to all edges of the scroll view. For instance, within the code under, it insets the complete scroll view by 50 factors, together with the scroll bar.

swiftui-scroll-view-contentmargins

In case if you wish to preserve the scroll bar at its unique place, you possibly can set the placement parameter to .scrollContent.

swiftui-scroll-view-scroll-content

Abstract

The brand new scrollPosition modifier is without doubt one of the most anticipated options of scroll views. In iOS 17, SwiftUI lastly introduces this characteristic permitting builders to detect scroll positions. On this tutorial, we’ve demonstrated the utilization of this new modifier and launched one other new modifier known as contentMargins, which permits builders to customise the margins of scrollable views.

With these new options in SwiftUI, builders can now effortlessly create extra custom-made and visually interesting layouts for his or her apps.

In the event you’re fascinated by studying extra about SwiftUI, don’t overlook to take a look at our Mastering SwiftUI guide.



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