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Implementation StyleGAN1 from scratch

Carry this challenge to life

This text is about the most effective GANs right now, StyleGAN from the paper A Fashion-Based mostly Generator Structure for Generative Adversarial Networks, we are going to make a clear, easy, and readable implementation of it utilizing PyTorch, and attempt to replicate the unique paper as carefully as potential, so if you happen to learn the paper, the implementation needs to be just about equivalent.

If you happen to do not learn the StyleGAN1 paper or do not know the way it works and also you need to perceive it, I extremely advocate you to take a look at this weblog submit the place I am going by means of the main points of it.

The dataset that we’ll use on this weblog is that this dataset from Kaggle which comprises 16240 higher garments for ladies with 256*192 decision.

Load all dependencies we want

We first will import torch since we are going to use PyTorch, and from there we import nn. That can assist us create and practice the networks, and likewise allow us to import optim, a package deal that implements numerous optimization algorithms (e.g. sgd, adam,..). From torchvision we import datasets and transforms to organize the info and apply some transforms.

We’ll import useful as F from torch.nn to upsample the pictures utilizing interpolate, DataLoader from torch.utils.knowledge to create mini-batch sizes, save_image from torchvision.utils to avoid wasting pretend samples, and log2 kind math as a result of we want the inverse illustration of the ability of two to implement the adaptive minibatch measurement relying on the output decision, NumPy for linear algebra, os for interplay with the working system, tqdm to indicate progress bars, and eventually matplotlib.pyplot to indicate the outcomes and evaluate them with the true ones.

import torch
from torch import nn, optim
from torchvision import datasets, transforms
import torch.nn.useful as F
from torch.utils.knowledge import DataLoader
from torchvision.utils import save_image
from math import log2
import numpy as np
import os
from tqdm import tqdm
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


  • Initialize the DATASET by the trail of the true photographs.
  • Specify the beginning practice at picture measurement 8×8.
  • Initialize the system by Cuda whether it is obtainable and CPU in any other case, and studying charge by 0.001.
  • The batch measurement can be totally different relying on the decision of the pictures that we need to generate, so we initialize BATCH_SIZES by a listing of numbers, you possibly can change them relying in your VRAM.
  • Initialize image_size by 128 and CHANNELS_IMG by 3 as a result of we are going to generate 128  by 128 RGB photographs.
  • Within the unique paper, they initialize Z_DIM, W_DIM, and IN_CHANNELS by 512, however I initialize them by 256 as a substitute for much less VRAM utilization and speed-up coaching. We may even perhaps get higher outcomes if we doubled them.
  • For StyleGAN we are able to use any of the GANs loss features we would like, so I exploit WGAN-GP from the paper Improved Coaching of Wasserstein GANs. This loss comprises a parameter identify λ and it is common to set λ = 10.
  • Initialize PROGRESSIVE_EPOCHS by 30 for every picture measurement.
DATASET                 = "Ladies garments"
START_TRAIN_AT_IMG_SIZE = 8 #The authors begin from 8x8 photographs as a substitute of 4x4
DEVICE                  = "cuda" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu"
LEARNING_RATE           = 1e-3
BATCH_SIZES             = [256, 128, 64, 32, 16, 8]
CHANNELS_IMG            = 3
Z_DIM                   = 256
W_DIM                   = 256
IN_CHANNELS             = 256
LAMBDA_GP               = 10

Get knowledge loader

Now let’s create a operate get_loader to:

  • Apply some transformation to the pictures (resize the pictures to the decision that we would like, convert them to tensors, then apply some augmentation, and eventually normalize them to be all of the pixels starting from -1 to 1).
  • Determine the present batch measurement utilizing the listing BATCH_SIZES, and take as an index the integer variety of the inverse illustration of the ability of two of image_size/4. And that is really how we implement the adaptive minibatch measurement relying on the output decision.
  • Put together the dataset through the use of ImageFolder as a result of it is already structured in a pleasant means.
  • Create mini-batch sizes utilizing DataLoader that take the dataset and batch measurement with shuffling the info.
  • Lastly, return the loader and dataset.
def get_loader(image_size):
    remodel = transforms.Compose(
            transforms.Resize((image_size, image_size)),
                [0.5 for _ in range(CHANNELS_IMG)],
                [0.5 for _ in range(CHANNELS_IMG)],
    batch_size = BATCH_SIZES[int(log2(image_size / 4))]
    dataset = datasets.ImageFolder(root=DATASET, remodel=remodel)
    loader = DataLoader(
    return loader, dataset

Fashions implementation

Now let’s Implement the StyleGAN1 generator and discriminator(ProGAN and StyleGAN1 have the identical discriminator structure) with the important thing attributions from the paper. We’ll attempt to make the implementation compact but in addition hold it readable and comprehensible. Particularly, the important thing factors:

  • Noise Mapping Community
  • Adaptive Occasion Normalization (AdaIN)
  • Progressive rising

On this tutorial, we are going to simply generate photographs with StyleGAN1, and never implement fashion mixing and stochastic variation, but it surely should not be exhausting to take action.

Let’s outline a variable with the identify elements that comprise the numbers that can multiply with IN_CHANNELS to have the variety of channels that we would like in every picture decision.

elements = [1, 1, 1, 1, 1 / 2, 1 / 4, 1 / 8, 1 / 16, 1 / 32]

Noise Mapping Community

The noise mapping community takes Z and places it by means of eight totally linked layers separated by some activation. And remember to equalize the training charge because the authors do in ProGAN (ProGAN and StyleGan authored by the identical researchers).

Let’s first construct a category with the identify WSLinear (weighted scaled Linear) which can be inherited from nn.Module.

  • Within the init half we ship in_features and out_channels. Create a linear layer, then we outline a scale that can be equal to the sq. root of two divided by in_features, we copy the bias of the present column layer right into a variable as a result of we do not need the bias of the linear layer to be scaled, then we take away it, Lastly, we initialize linear layer.  
  • Within the ahead half, we ship x and all that we’re going to do is multiplicate x with scale and add the bias after reshaping it.
class WSLinear(nn.Module):
    def __init__(
        self, in_features, out_features,
        tremendous(WSLinear, self).__init__()
        self.linear = nn.Linear(in_features, out_features)
        self.scale = (2 / in_features)**0.5
        self.bias = self.linear.bias
        self.linear.bias = None

        # initialize linear layer

    def ahead(self, x):
        return self.linear(x * self.scale) + self.bias

Now let’s create the MappingNetwork class.

  • Within the init half we ship z_dim and w_din, and we outline the community mapping that first normalizes z_dim, adopted by eight of WSLInear and ReLU as activation features.
  • Within the ahead half, we return the community mapping.
class MappingNetwork(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, z_dim, w_dim):
        self.mapping = nn.Sequential(
            WSLinear(z_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),
            WSLinear(w_dim, w_dim),

    def ahead(self, x):
        return self.mapping(x)

Adaptive Occasion Normalization (AdaIN)

Now let’s create AdaIN class

  • Within the init half we ship channels, w_dim, and we initialize instance_norm which would be the occasion normalization half, and we initialize style_scale and style_bias which would be the adaptive components with WSLinear that maps the Noise Mapping Community W into channels.
  • Within the ahead go, we ship x, apply occasion normalization for it, and return style_sclate * x + style_bias.
class AdaIN(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, channels, w_dim):
        self.instance_norm = nn.InstanceNorm2d(channels)
        self.style_scale = WSLinear(w_dim, channels)
        self.style_bias = WSLinear(w_dim, channels)

    def ahead(self, x, w):
        x = self.instance_norm(x)
        style_scale = self.style_scale(w).unsqueeze(2).unsqueeze(3)
        style_bias = self.style_bias(w).unsqueeze(2).unsqueeze(3)
        return style_scale * x + style_bias

Inject Noise

Now let’s create the category InjectNoise to inject the noise into the generator

  • Within the init half we despatched channels and we initialize weight from a random regular distribution and we use nn.Parameter in order that these weights could be optimized
  • Within the ahead half, we ship a picture x and we return it with random noise added
class InjectNoise(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, channels):
        self.weight = nn.Parameter(torch.zeros(1, channels, 1, 1))

    def ahead(self, x):
        noise = torch.randn((x.form[0], 1, x.form[2], x.form[3]), system=x.system)
        return x + self.weight * noise

useful lessons

The authors construct StyleGAN upon the official implementation of ProGAN by Karras et al, they use the identical discriminator structure, adaptive minibatch measurement, hyperparameters, and so forth. So there are a number of lessons that keep the identical from ProGAN implementation.

On this part, we are going to create the lessons that don’t change from the ProGAN structure that I’ve already defined on this submit weblog.

Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the category WSConv2d (weighted scaled convolutional layer) to Equalized Studying Charge for the conv layers.

class WSConv2d(nn.Module):
    def __init__(
        self, in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1
        tremendous(WSConv2d, self).__init__()
        self.conv = nn.Conv2d(in_channels, out_channels, kernel_size, stride, padding)
        self.scale = (2 / (in_channels * (kernel_size ** 2))) ** 0.5
        self.bias = self.conv.bias
        self.conv.bias = None

        # initialize conv layer

    def ahead(self, x):
        return self.conv(x * self.scale) + self.bias.view(1, self.bias.form[0], 1, 1)

Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the category PixelNorm to normalize Z earlier than the Noise Mapping Community.

class PixelNorm(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        tremendous(PixelNorm, self).__init__()
        self.epsilon = 1e-8

    def ahead(self, x):
        return x / torch.sqrt(torch.imply(x ** 2, dim=1, keepdim=True) + self.epsilon)   

Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the category ConvBock that can assist us create the discriminator.

class ConvBlock(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_channels, out_channels):
        tremendous(ConvBlock, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = WSConv2d(in_channels, out_channels)
        self.conv2 = WSConv2d(out_channels, out_channels)
        self.leaky = nn.LeakyReLU(0.2)

    def ahead(self, x):
        x = self.leaky(self.conv1(x))
        x = self.leaky(self.conv2(x))
        return x

Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the category Discriminatowich is similar as in ProGAN.

class Discriminator(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_channels, img_channels=3):
        tremendous(Discriminator, self).__init__()
        self.prog_blocks, self.rgb_layers = nn.ModuleList([]), nn.ModuleList([])
        self.leaky = nn.LeakyReLU(0.2)

        # right here we work again methods from elements as a result of the discriminator
        # needs to be mirrored from the generator. So the primary prog_block and
        # rgb layer we append will work for enter measurement 1024x1024, then 512->256-> and so forth
        for i in vary(len(elements) - 1, 0, -1):
            conv_in = int(in_channels * elements[i])
            conv_out = int(in_channels * elements[i - 1])
            self.prog_blocks.append(ConvBlock(conv_in, conv_out))
                WSConv2d(img_channels, conv_in, kernel_size=1, stride=1, padding=0)

        # maybe complicated identify "initial_rgb" that is simply the RGB layer for 4x4 enter measurement
        # did this to "mirror" the generator initial_rgb
        self.initial_rgb = WSConv2d(
            img_channels, in_channels, kernel_size=1, stride=1, padding=0
        self.avg_pool = nn.AvgPool2d(
            kernel_size=2, stride=2
        )  # down sampling utilizing avg pool

        # that is the block for 4x4 enter measurement
        self.final_block = nn.Sequential(
            # +1 to in_channels as a result of we concatenate from MiniBatch std
            WSConv2d(in_channels + 1, in_channels, kernel_size=3, padding=1),
            WSConv2d(in_channels, in_channels, kernel_size=4, padding=0, stride=1),
                in_channels, 1, kernel_size=1, padding=0, stride=1
            ),  # we use this as a substitute of linear layer

    def fade_in(self, alpha, downscaled, out):
        """Used to fade in downscaled utilizing avg pooling and output from CNN"""
        # alpha needs to be scalar inside [0, 1], and upscale.form == generated.form
        return alpha * out + (1 - alpha) * downscaled

    def minibatch_std(self, x):
        batch_statistics = (
            torch.std(x, dim=0).imply().repeat(x.form[0], 1, x.form[2], x.form[3])
        # we take the std for every instance (throughout all channels, and pixels) then we repeat it
        # for a single channel and concatenate it with the picture. On this means the discriminator
        # will get details about the variation within the batch/picture
        return[x, batch_statistics], dim=1)

    def ahead(self, x, alpha, steps):
        # the place we must always begin within the listing of prog_blocks, perhaps a bit complicated however
        # the final is for the 4x4. So instance for instance steps=1, then we must always begin
        # on the second to final as a result of input_size can be 8x8. If steps==0 we simply
        # use the ultimate block
        cur_step = len(self.prog_blocks) - steps

        # convert from rgb as preliminary step, this can rely on
        # the picture measurement (every may have it is on rgb layer)
        out = self.leaky(self.rgb_layers[cur_step](x))

        if steps == 0:  # i.e, picture is 4x4
            out = self.minibatch_std(out)
            return self.final_block(out).view(out.form[0], -1)

        # as a result of prog_blocks may change the channels, for down scale we use rgb_layer
        # from earlier/smaller measurement which in our case correlates to +1 within the indexing
        downscaled = self.leaky(self.rgb_layers[cur_step + 1](self.avg_pool(x)))
        out = self.avg_pool(self.prog_blocks[cur_step](out))

        # the fade_in is completed first between the downscaled and the enter
        # that is reverse from the generator
        out = self.fade_in(alpha, downscaled, out)

        for step in vary(cur_step + 1, len(self.prog_blocks)):
            out = self.prog_blocks[step](out)
            out = self.avg_pool(out)

        out = self.minibatch_std(out)
        return self.final_block(out).view(out.form[0], -1)


Within the generator structure, now we have some patterns that repeat so let’s first create a category for it to make our code as clear as potential, let’s identify the category GenBlock which can be inherited from nn.Module.

  • Within the init half we ship in_channels, out_channels, and w_dim, then we initialize conv1 by WSConv2d which maps in_channels to out_channels, conv2 by WSConv2d which maps out_channels to out_channels, leaky by Leaky ReLU with a slope of 0.2 as they use within the paper, inject_noise1, inject_noise2 by the InjectNoise, adain1, and adain2 by AdaIN
  • Within the ahead half, we ship x, and we go it to conv1 then to inject_noise1 with leaky, then we normalize it with adain1, and once more we go that into conv2 then to inject_noise2 with leaky and we normalize it with adain2. And eventually, we return x.
class GenBlock(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, in_channels, out_channels, w_dim):
        tremendous(GenBlock, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = WSConv2d(in_channels, out_channels)
        self.conv2 = WSConv2d(out_channels, out_channels)
        self.leaky = nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace=True)
        self.inject_noise1 = InjectNoise(out_channels)
        self.inject_noise2 = InjectNoise(out_channels)
        self.adain1 = AdaIN(out_channels, w_dim)
        self.adain2 = AdaIN(out_channels, w_dim)

    def ahead(self, x, w):
        x = self.adain1(self.leaky(self.inject_noise1(self.conv1(x))), w)
        x = self.adain2(self.leaky(self.inject_noise2(self.conv2(x))), w)
        return x

Now now we have all that we have to create the generator.

  • within the init half let’s initialize ‘starting_constant’ by fixed 4 x 4 (x 512 channel for the unique paper, and  256 in our case) tensor which is put by means of an iteration of the generator, map by ‘MappingNetwork’, initial_adain1, initial_adain2 by AdaIN, initial_noise1, initial_noise2 by InjectNoise, initial_conv by a conv layer that map in_channels to itself, leaky by Leaky ReLU with a slope of 0.2, initial_rgb by WSConv2d that maps in_channels to img_channels wi=hich is 3 for RGB, prog_blocks by ModuleList() that can comprise all of the progressive blocks (we point out convolution enter/output channels by multiplicate in_channels which is 512 in paper and 256 in our case with elements), and rgb_blocks by ModuleList() that can comprise all of the RGB blocks.
  • To fade in new layers (an origin part of ProGAN), we add the fade_in half, which we ship alpha, scaled, and generated, and we return  [tanh(alpha∗generated+(1−alpha)∗upscale)], The explanation why we use tanh is that would be the output(the generated picture) and we would like the pixels to be vary between 1 and -1.
  • Within the ahead half, we ship the noise (Z_dim),  the alpha worth which goes to fade in slowly throughout coaching (alpha is between 0 and 1), and steps which is the quantity of the present decision that we’re working with, we go x into the map to get the intermediate noise vector W, we go starting_constant to initial_noise1, apply for it and for W initial_adain1, then we passe it into initial_conv,  and once more we add initial_noise2 for it with leaky as activation operate, and apply for it and W initial_adain2. Then we examine if steps = 0 whether it is, then all we need to do is run it by means of the preliminary RGB and now we have executed, in any other case, we loop over the variety of steps, and in every loop we upscaling(upscaled) and we run by means of the progressive block that corresponds to that decision(out). Ultimately, we return fade_in that takes alpha, final_out, and final_upscaled after mapping it to RGB.
class Generator(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, z_dim, w_dim, in_channels, img_channels=3):
        tremendous(Generator, self).__init__()
        self.starting_constant = nn.Parameter(torch.ones((1, in_channels, 4, 4))) = MappingNetwork(z_dim, w_dim)
        self.initial_adain1 = AdaIN(in_channels, w_dim)
        self.initial_adain2 = AdaIN(in_channels, w_dim)
        self.initial_noise1 = InjectNoise(in_channels)
        self.initial_noise2 = InjectNoise(in_channels)
        self.initial_conv = nn.Conv2d(in_channels, in_channels, kernel_size=3, stride=1, padding=1)
        self.leaky = nn.LeakyReLU(0.2, inplace=True)

        self.initial_rgb = WSConv2d(
            in_channels, img_channels, kernel_size=1, stride=1, padding=0
        self.prog_blocks, self.rgb_layers = (

        for i in vary(len(elements) - 1):  # -1 to stop index error due to elements[i+1]
            conv_in_c = int(in_channels * elements[i])
            conv_out_c = int(in_channels * elements[i + 1])
            self.prog_blocks.append(GenBlock(conv_in_c, conv_out_c, w_dim))
                WSConv2d(conv_out_c, img_channels, kernel_size=1, stride=1, padding=0)

    def fade_in(self, alpha, upscaled, generated):
        # alpha needs to be scalar inside [0, 1], and upscale.form == generated.form
        return torch.tanh(alpha * generated + (1 - alpha) * upscaled)

    def ahead(self, noise, alpha, steps):
        w =
        x = self.initial_adain1(self.initial_noise1(self.starting_constant), w)
        x = self.initial_conv(x)
        out = self.initial_adain2(self.leaky(self.initial_noise2(x)), w)

        if steps == 0:
            return self.initial_rgb(x)

        for step in vary(steps):
            upscaled = F.interpolate(out, scale_factor=2, mode="bilinear")
            out = self.prog_blocks[step](upscaled, w)

        # The variety of channels in upscale will keep the identical, whereas
        # out which has moved by means of prog_blocks may change. To make sure
        # we are able to convert each to rgb we use totally different rgb_layers
        # (steps-1) and steps for upscaled, out respectively
        final_upscaled = self.rgb_layers[steps - 1](upscaled)
        final_out = self.rgb_layers[steps](out)
        return self.fade_in(alpha, final_upscaled, final_out)


Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the generate_examples operate that takes the generator gen, the variety of steps to determine the present decision, and a quantity n=100. The objective of this operate is to generate n pretend photographs and save them because of this.

def generate_examples(gen, steps, n=100):

    alpha = 1.0
    for i in vary(n):
        with torch.no_grad():
            noise = torch.randn(1, Z_DIM).to(DEVICE)
            img = gen(noise, alpha, steps)
            if not os.path.exists(f'saved_examples/step{steps}'):
            save_image(img*0.5+0.5, f"saved_examples/step{steps}/img_{i}.png")

Within the code snippet beneath you’ll find the gradient_penalty operate for WGAN-GP loss.

def gradient_penalty(critic, actual, pretend, alpha, train_step, system="cpu"):
    BATCH_SIZE, C, H, W = actual.form
    beta = torch.rand((BATCH_SIZE, 1, 1, 1)).repeat(1, C, H, W).to(system)
    interpolated_images = actual * beta + pretend.detach() * (1 - beta)

    # Calculate critic scores
    mixed_scores = critic(interpolated_images, alpha, train_step)
    # Take the gradient of the scores with respect to the pictures
    gradient = torch.autograd.grad(
    gradient = gradient.view(gradient.form[0], -1)
    gradient_norm = gradient.norm(2, dim=1)
    gradient_penalty = torch.imply((gradient_norm - 1) ** 2)
    return gradient_penalty


On this part, we are going to practice our StyleGAN

Carry this challenge to life

Practice operate

For the practice operate, we ship critic (which is the discriminator), gen(generator), loader, dataset, step, alpha, and optimizer for the generator and for the critic.

We begin by looping over all of the mini-batch sizes that we create with the DataLoader, and we take simply the pictures as a result of we do not want a label.

Then we arrange the coaching for the discriminatorCritic after we need to maximize E(critic(actual)) – E(critic(pretend)). This equation means how a lot the critic can distinguish between actual and faux photographs.

After that, we arrange the coaching for the generator after we need to maximize E(critic(pretend)).

Lastly, we replace the loop and the alpha worth for fade_in and be certain that it’s between 0 and 1, and we return it.

def train_fn(
    loop = tqdm(loader, depart=True)

    for batch_idx, (actual, _) in enumerate(loop):
        actual =
        cur_batch_size = actual.form[0]

        noise = torch.randn(cur_batch_size, Z_DIM).to(DEVICE)

        pretend = gen(noise, alpha, step)
        critic_real = critic(actual, alpha, step)
        critic_fake = critic(pretend.detach(), alpha, step)
        gp = gradient_penalty(critic, actual, pretend, alpha, step, system=DEVICE)
        loss_critic = (
            -(torch.imply(critic_real) - torch.imply(critic_fake))
            + LAMBDA_GP * gp
            + (0.001 * torch.imply(critic_real ** 2))


        gen_fake = critic(pretend, alpha, step)
        loss_gen = -torch.imply(gen_fake)


        # Replace alpha and guarantee lower than 1
        alpha += cur_batch_size / (
            (PROGRESSIVE_EPOCHS[step] * 0.5) * len(dataset)
        alpha = min(alpha, 1)


    return alpha


Now since now we have all the things let’s put them collectively to coach our StyleGAN.

We begin by initializing the generator, the discriminator/critic, and optimizers, then convert the generator and the critic into practice mode, then loop over PROGRESSIVE_EPOCHS, and in every loop, we name the practice operate variety of epoch instances, then we generate some pretend photographs and save them, because of this, utilizing generate_examples operate, and eventually, we progress to the subsequent picture decision.

gen = Generator(
        Z_DIM, W_DIM, IN_CHANNELS, img_channels=CHANNELS_IMG
critic = Discriminator(IN_CHANNELS, img_channels=CHANNELS_IMG).to(DEVICE)
# initialize optimizers
opt_gen = optim.Adam([{"params": [param for name, param in gen.named_parameters() if "map" not in name]},
                        {"params":, "lr": 1e-5}], lr=LEARNING_RATE, betas=(0.0, 0.99))
opt_critic = optim.Adam(
    critic.parameters(), lr=LEARNING_RATE, betas=(0.0, 0.99)


# begin at step that corresponds to img measurement that we set in config
step = int(log2(START_TRAIN_AT_IMG_SIZE / 4))
for num_epochs in PROGRESSIVE_EPOCHS[step:]:
    alpha = 1e-5   # begin with very low alpha
    loader, dataset = get_loader(4 * 2 ** step)  
    print(f"Present picture measurement: {4 * 2 ** step}")

    for epoch in vary(num_epochs):
        print(f"Epoch [{epoch+1}/{num_epochs}]")
        alpha = train_fn(

    generate_examples(gen, step)
    step += 1  # progress to the subsequent img measurement


Hopefully, it is possible for you to to comply with the entire steps and get a superb understanding of the best way to implement StyleGAN in the best means. Now let’s take a look at the outcomes that we get hold of after coaching this mannequin on this dataset with 128*x 128 decision.


On this article, we make a clear, easy, and readable implementation from scratch of StyleGAN1 utilizing PyTorch. we replicate the unique paper as carefully as potential, so if you happen to learn the paper the implementation needs to be just about equivalent.

Within the upcoming articles, we are going to clarify in depth and implement from scratch StyleGAN2 which is an enchancment over StyleGAN1.



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